Van Kranendonk et al. (2021) Elements for the Origin of Life on Land: A Deep-Time Perspective from the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia, Astrobiology, 21, 39-59, doi:10.1089/ast.2019.2107. < 20210112021344-497318 > pub

Map on Earth or stone. Places and analyses are shown.

  • abstract:

    For decades, deep sea hydrothermal vents have been a preferred setting for the Origin of Life, but “The Water Problem” as relates to polymerization of organic molecules, together with a propensity to dilute critical prebiotic elements as well as a number of other crucial factors, suggests that a terrestrial hot spring field with the capacity for wet–dry cycling and element concentration may represent a more likely candidate. Here, we investigate a 3.5 billion-year-old, anoxic hot spring setting from the Pilbara Craton (Australia) and show that its hydrothermal veins and compositionally varied pools and springs concentrated all of the essential elements required for prebiotic chemistry (including B, Zn, Mn, and K, in addition to C, H, N, O, P, and S). Temporal variability (seasonal to decadal), together with the known propensity of hot springs for wet–dry cycling and information exchange, would lead to innovation pools with peaks of fitness for developing molecules. An inference from the chemical complexity of the Pilbara analogue is that life could perhaps get started quickly on planets with volcanoes, silicate rocks, an exposed land surface, and water, ingredients that should form the backbone in the search for life in the Universe.

  • doi: 10.1089/ast.2019.2107
  • modified at 2021-06-02
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  • classification: sedimentary
  • physical-form: aliquot
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Tourmaline-bearing hydrothermal deposit, provided from Prof. M. J. Van Kranendonk, an old colleague of Eizo Nakamura. No information about its sample locality, but is supposed to be in 3.5-Ga Dresser Formation, North Pole Dome, Pilbara craton, Western Australia, according to an abstract, attached.
  • modified at 2015-09-03
Img 2544 thumb TS MVK14098A-Si < 20150331123823-963470 >pub
  • classification: sedimentary
  • physical-form: thin section
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2015-09-03
Img 2546 thumb TS MVK14098A-Fe < 20150331123849-635441 >pub
  • classification: sedimentary
  • physical-form: thin section
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2021-01-13
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fe@32 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-437013
fe@31 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-560646
fe@39-2 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-279795
fe@4 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-673237
fe@3 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-579710
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fe@38 pub SIMS Cameca ims-5f 1 20210113055554-359283
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tour-38-140 pub 1 20210112064128-184280
tour-39-142 pub 1 20210112064128-301802
tour-34-120 pub 1 20210112064128-919078
tour-33-117 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 5 20210112063455-129988
tour-34-119 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-436650
tour-34-124 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-315752
tour-40-146 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063456-720088
tour-40-148 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063456-578501
tour-31-114 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-105689
tour-33-118 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 8 20210112063455-811930
tour-34-122 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-733054
tour-34-123 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-958390
tour-35-125 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-659018
tour-36-127 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-759848
tour-36-130 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-043699
tour-36-131 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-225344
tour-36-132 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 7 20210112063455-802286
tour-38-139 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 5 20210112063456-825147
tour-38-140 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063456-506451
tour-39-142 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 5 20210112063456-875021
tour-34-120 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-907319
tour-37-134 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-592198
tour-38-135 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063455-754715
tour-38-136 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063456-570135
tour-38-141 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 5 20210112063456-548770
tour-39-145 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 5 20210112063456-861721
tour-40-149 pub FE-SEM JEOL JSM-7001FL 6 20210112063456-902203
name spots global-id
caption ID rowname stone
SA1.Major Element Abundances of Tourmalines (tour-1 - tour-27), determined by FESEM-EDX pub 20210112065832-527477 SEM-EDX major 61
Table 2. B-isotope abundances of Tourmalines pub 20210113055801-835341 d11B 67
SA1.Major Element Abundances of Tourmalines (tour6 - tour10), determined by FESEM-EDX (continued) pub 20210113012443-214999 SEM-EDX major 41
SA1.Major Element Abundances of Tourmalines (tour-31 - tour-40), determined by FESEM-EDX (continued) pub 20210113050311-184304 SEM-EDX major 37
manual
  • name
  • Van Kranendonk, Martin J.
  • Baumgartner, Raphael
  • Djokic, Tara
  • Ota, Tsutomu
  • Steller, Luke H.
  • Garbe, Ulf
  • Nakamura, Eizo